Skip to content
Catholic Online Logo

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

7/7/2014 (2 months ago)

Catholic Online (www.catholic.org)

The mysterious Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi

Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi is the leader of the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIS), a primarily Sunni terrorist organization that has conquered portions of Syria and Iraq.

Members of the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant, a Sunni terrorist organization that has captured a great swath of land in Syria and Iraq and announced the creation of a new Islamic Caliphate.

Members of the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant, a Sunni terrorist organization that has captured a great swath of land in Syria and Iraq and announced the creation of a new Islamic Caliphate.

Highlights

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Catholic Online (www.catholic.org)

7/7/2014 (2 months ago)

Published in Middle East

Keywords: International, Middle East, Iraq


LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - But to his followers, he is Caliph Ibrahim, the new leader of the Islamic State, a new global Muslim empire that is taking shape in the region and continues to grow.

Peace can be achieved in the Middle East, God has shown us the way.

In a statement released on July 1, Baghdadi condemned the West and sumoned all Muslims, especially those with military, medical, administrative and public service experience, to emigrate to the caliphate to "take up arms . and fight, fight!"

"For your brothers all over the world are waiting for your rescue, and are anticipating your brigades," his statement read.

Baghdadi is a enigmatic figure, and very secretive. He is said to be very protective of his identity, when he consults his commanders he wears a mask, though it is not clear if this is the truth or folklore that has grown with him.

In an audio message announcing the new caliphate, ISIS spokesman Abu Mohamed Al-Adnani revealed what he claimed is Baghdadi's real name: Ibrahim bin Awad bin Ibrahim al-Badri Al-Radawi Al-Husseini Al-Samarra.

Iraqi political analyst and commentator Omar Al-Nidawi said that "names and titles can be made up or added on. People can have tribal names, nicknames or other aliases that are even related to the town they live in, the town they come from or a former profession. So one person can have more than one name."

Adding to his mystery, Baghdadi may have been jailed in the U.S. back in 2005.

"There have been at least two accounts," Nidawi said. One of these accounts suggests that Baghdadi was "in U.S. military custody and then transferred to Iraq authorities and released in 2009. But there is also another account that says there is no record that he was ever captured."

In April 2010, the U.S. military killed the leaders of al-Qaida in Iraq, Abu Ayyub al-Masri and Aby Omar al-Baghdadi, afterwards the group named Abu Bakr as its new leader. In an online speech in 2012, Baghdadi launched what he called a "Breaking the Walls" campaign in Iraq.

The campaign's goal was to free al-Qaida members imprisoned by U.S. forces and expanding his territory in Iraq. The July 2013 deadly attack on Abu Ghraib prison was part of this campaign, resulting in the escape of hundreds of prisoners.

To members of ISIS, Baghdadi is perfect for the office of caliphate.

Sunni Islam tradition holds that a caliph must be ana dult male Muslim, knowledgeable in military strategy and brave in conflict. Ideally, he should also be educated in Islamic theology and Shariah, or Islamic law.

An internet biography for Baghdadi claimst that he was born into a religious familiy in the city of Samarra and holds a Ph.D. from the Islamic University in Baghdad. A former religious teacher, he is well-versed in Islamic theology, history, culture, science, genealogy, law and jurisprudence.

His biographers say he is a prominent Salafist looking to cleanse Islam of Shiites and convert all Muslims to the Sunni interpretation of Islam. They credit him with military skill, eloquent speech as well as cleverness and courage.

Most significantly, Baghdadi claims decent from the Quraysh tribe.

"Quraysh is the tribe of the Prophet Mohamed," said Tawfik Hamid, senior fellow and chair for the Study of Islamic Radicalism at the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies. "There is a custom that says that the Caliph must be a Quraushi. This gives him not just political but religious legitimacy."

---


Pope Francis: end world hunger through 'Prayer and Action'


© 2014 - Distributed by THE NEWS CONSORTIUM

Pope Francis Prayer Intentions for September 2014
Mentally disabled:
That the mentally disabled may receive the love and help they need for a dignified life.
Service to the poor: That Christians, inspired by the Word of God, may serve the poor and suffering.



Comments


More Middle East

A HEINOUS NEW LOW: Syrian rebels sabotage vaccinations, killing 50 babies Watch

Image of Physicians for Human Rights, a New York-based group that works in rebel-held areas of northwest Syria, sent an internal e-mail saying that up to 50 children may have died from the vaccine.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

As proof of their bravery, rebels fighting against Syrian President Bashar al-Assad are suspected of sabotaging a batch of measles vaccinations, leading to the deaths of up to 50 young children. If true, it's a new low in an especially discouraging chapter of ... continue reading


Casualty of war; Syrian children fall behind in studies Watch

Image of Even if they should survive and thrive after the civil war in their nation of Syria ends, millions of school children, deprived of an education during the conflict, will be a generation of ill-prepared citizens.

By Katie Nguyen, Thomson Reuters Foundation

The 3-1/2-year-old conflict in Syria is preventing 2.8 million children from getting an education and has destroyed or damaged more than 3,400 schools, an international children's charity said on Thursday. (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - The 3-1/2-year-old conflict ... continue reading


'Lend Me Your Ears' Hostage reporter appears in Islamic State sham news report Watch

Image of reporter and hostage, John Cantile appeared in a video made by the Islamic State.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

The Islamic State has released another video, perhaps attempting to persuade Americans and British forces from attacking them. This time, instead of beheading a journalist they have created what appears to be their own version of a crude news segment. LOS ANGELES, CA ... continue reading


Half of Iraqi army incapable of fighting against ISIL, top U.S. general declares Watch

Image of According to General Martin Dempsey, the solution must begin with formation of an Iraqi government that is able to convince the country's Kurdish and Sunni populations that they will be equal partners with the Shiites in Iraq's future.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, General Martin Dempsey, the U.S. military's top officer gave his assessment of Iraq's military capability in deterring the Islamic State. Dempsey says that almost half of Iraq's army is incapable of working against ISIL. ... continue reading


Stone structure in northern Israel was to worship moon god, scholar says Watch

Image of The vast structure, which is 150 meters long with a volume of 14,000 cubic meters, is thought to have taken more than five months to build.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

In the shape of the crescent moon in northern Israel, a 5,000-year-old stone structure is now being declared as an ancient monument. Predating much of the construction of Stonehenge in England and Great Pyramid of Giza in Egypt, the structure according to one ... continue reading


A plea from Christian churches around the world: Stop the genocide in Iraq and Syria Watch

Image of Fighters from the Islamic State have been systematically waging a war of terror on Christians and other religious minorities in regions under their control in Iraq and Syria.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Christian leaders throughout the Middle East have called on Muslim governments and religious authorities to condemn the Islamic State for its ongoing persecution of minority religious communities in Iraq and Syria. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - The leaders ... continue reading


ISIS on the run! Kurdish forces on the move towards Mosul! Watch

Image of Kurdish forces with a captured Islamic State fighter.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Kurdish Peshmerga forces have retaken a bridge and several villages around Irbil, the capital of Iraq's Kurdish region, and pushed fighters from the Islamic State back towards Mosul, Iraq's second largest city. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - The Islamic State ... continue reading


Refusing responsibility, Hamas admits to using schools, hospitals as 'human shields' in rocket attacks Watch

Image of The question that remains: Did Hamas deliberately and systematically fire rockets at Israel from homes, hospitals and schools in the hope that Israel would be deterred from retaliating, as Israel claims?

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Two weeks after the ceasefire, a Hamas official admits that his organization DID use schools and hospitals in Gaza Strip as "human shields" to launch rocket attacks on Israel. Said official, Ghazi Hamad claims it was "mistake." LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) ... continue reading


Stemming tide of ISIS recruits: Nations work to prevent citizens from joining jihadists Watch

Image of While part of Turkey formerly supported the Islamic State, Turkey has since changed its tune after Turks were targeted for violence.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Countries across the globe are disturbed by the high recruitment rates by the Islamic State, who are gathering fighters from all over the world. Working to turn back this deadly tide, nations are formulating policies that will hopefully turn back the tide of ... continue reading


WARNING GRAPHIC VIDEO - Jihadi John beheads David Haines (FULL VIDEO) Watch

Image of Haines in the moment before his apparent execution.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

The Islamic State has beheaded David Haines, and threatened to kill another Briton if the British government continues to ally with the United States against the Islamic State. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - Time is running out for Alan Henning, who is next in ... continue reading


All Middle East News

Newsletters

Newsletter Sign Up icon

Stay up to date with the latest news, information, and special offers

Daily Readings

Reading 1, First Corinthians 15:35-37, 42-49
35 Someone may ask: How are dead people raised, and ... Read More

Psalm, Psalms 56:10-12, 13-14
10 In God whose word I praise, in Yahweh whose word I ... Read More

Gospel, Luke 8:4-15
4 With a large crowd gathering and people from every ... Read More

Saint of the Day

Saint of the Day for September 20th, 2014 Image

Sts. Andrew Kim Taegon, Paul Chong Hasang, and Companions
September 20: Feastday: September 20 The evangelization of Korea began ... Read More

Inform, Inspire & Ignite Logo

Find Catholic Online on Facebook and get updates right in your live feed.

Become a fan of Catholic Online on Facebook


Follow Catholic Online on Twitter and get News and Product updates.

Follow us on Twitter