Skip to content
Catholic Online Logo

By Andrew M. Greenwell, Esq.

11/23/2012 (1 year ago)

Catholic Online (www.catholic.org)

It seems quite certain that God's "plan of salvation"--at least so long as we stay in the objective moral and religious order--requires that the Muslims disclaim the prophethood of Muhammad, reject those teachings of his that are doctrinally and morally unsound, and embrace Jesus Christ, the Incarnate Word, who died for them as much as for other men.

Highlights

By Andrew M. Greenwell, Esq.

Catholic Online (www.catholic.org)

11/23/2012 (1 year ago)

Published in Middle East

Keywords: Muhammad, murder, rape, adultery, polygamy, genocide, theft, Andrew M. Greenwell, Esq.


CORPUS CHRISTI, TX (Catholic Online) - Our thesis and task during our series of articles on Muhammad entitled "The Heart's Witness Against Muhammad," have not been very complex. 

Our thesis was this: An alleged prophet of God, especially one who is presented to us as a perfect exemplar of humanity, al-insan al-kamil, the best of all mankind, khair ul-bashar, the perfect model of conduct, uswa hasana, must at a minimum comply with the natural moral law.  This is a reasonable requirement.

Our task, given this thesis, was then this: to familiarize ourselves with the earliest Islamic sources on the life of Muhammad, accept them uncritically (that is, accepting them as historically-accurate portrayals of the historical Muhammad), and then, compare and contrast the behavior of Muhammad to some well-known, universally held notions of the natural moral law. 

This gives the benefit of the doubt to Islam and its sources.  It could very well be that Muhammad's actions were "whitewashed" by his followers.  For example, why on earth would the earliest of all biographies, the biography of Ibn Hisham, have been lost?  Why do we only have recensions or edited versions of it in the biographies of Ibn Ishaq and at-Tabari?  What parts of Ibn Hisham did not survive?  Was there possibly a "scrubbing" of the earlier biography and its ordered destruction by the Caliphs such as what seems to have happened to a limited extent with regard to the Qur'an?

Also, we must recall that we do not have biographical sources from contemporaries who witnessed Muhammad and rejected him and his message (other than that found in Muslim sources).  We know that many Jews, Christians, and Pagans found Muhammad and his message offensive, unbelievable, and violent.  These historical documents, if they existed, would, in all likelihood, provide us with an even more offensive picture of the alleged prophet of the Arabs that the historical documents the Arabs preserved.

In other words, the Muhammad of the Qur'an, of the ahadith considered by the Muslims as reliable, and the earliest approved biographies or Sira of Muhammad present Muhammad in the most biased, best light.  If these sources cannot justify Muhammad, then the other sources certainly would not justify Muhammad.

As a standard of the natural moral law, we turned to what is generally regarded as a good summary of the natural law and its basic and essential precepts, the Ten Commandments or Decalogue.  These are revealed, but the underlying laws are not revealed.  They existed in full force as a result of the natural moral law before they were handed to Moses.

We passed over the first three commandments--those that deal with man's relationship with God--because they presuppose, to some extent, truths of revelation. 

The question of what may be reliable revelation is a question that must be answered after we accept the carrier or messenger or prophet of that revelation. 

Reason, of course, can also be used as a critical faculty for showing where revelation cannot be authentic because it is unreasonable, since God is both the author of faith and the author of reason.  We have not in any way made an assessment of Muhammad's supposed revelations of Allah and whether they are reasonable.  That is a task for another day.

Revelation acknowledged by Christians as authentic (for example the teachings of Christ in the Gospels) and the teachings defined as de fide by the Church may also be used to criticize the message of an alleged messenger of God.  But to have recourse to this form of analysis we must have already accepted this revelation as authoritative.  Only a Christian can recognize the force of the arguments against the teachings of Muhammad on the basis that Muhammad denies the Trinity, denies the divinity of Christ, and denies Christ's substitutionary and atoning death on the Cross.

But we wanted an argument based upon reason alone, practical reason, moral reason.  We therefore focused on those Commandments that relate to relations among men.  We chose six: you shall not commit adultery, you shall not covet thy neighbor's wife, you shall not murder, you shall not bear false witness, you shall not steal, and you shall not covet thy neighbor's goods.
 
The only commandment we did not treat was the commandment that enjoins us to honor our mother and father.  (Since Muhammad's father predeceased his birth, and since Muhammad's mother died when Muhammad was young, there is no data to which we can turn to assess his behavior toward them.  There is interesting speculation as to whether he thought them--as polytheists and therefore guilty of the unpardonable sin of shirk--damned in hell.  For example, there is a story that Allah supposedly stopped Muhammad, to his great grief, from praying at his mother's grave because she was damned.  Did Muhammad's psyche contain a deep-seated hate for his mother?)

We also used as a standard the natural moral law as it relates to slavery.  Although not found among any of the Ten Commandments, it is generally regarded by all modern humanity--as a result of the development of human conscience aided and abetted by the light of the Gospel--that human chattel slavery is against the natural moral law.

Using the oldest Muslim biographical sources about Muhammad and other authoritative Islamic sources, and comparing his behavior with these commandments, we saw, without much effort, that Muhammad's life violated the natural law in numerous particulars. He committed polygamy, adultery, what today we would call pedophilia, incest, captured women and raped them, was involved in numerous murders of political and religious enemies and his lampooners, authorized genocide, theft, and slavery.

It is the inescapable conclusion of the natural law, our conscience, of our inner witness, that Muhammad cannot be what he claimed to be and what the Muslims claim him to be: a prophet, especially one who professed himself a perfect human, the ideal man, the universal model of all mankind. 

Muhammad's failure as a man and authentic prophet has catastrophic results for a Muslim.  The linchpin of Islam is Muhammad.  If Muhammad was not a prophet, then Muhammad was a liar or was horribly, perhaps even demonically, deceived, and Islam is in any event false. 

It is certainly demonstrable, by reason alone, that Muhammad was not a prophet, but that he lived, intentionally or in ignorance, a lie.  This conclusion is not probable: it is morally certain.  We can therefore be certain, in a way that is true for no other major religion, that Islam, on account of the moral corruption of its supposed perfect messenger, is most certainly and demonstrably false.

Muslim leadership, of course, is aware of Muhammad' behavior, and so they restrict as a matter of necessity any sort of criticism of Muhammad, even if it is historically established in their own sources. That is one reason there are such strict punishments against the critics of Muhammad.  That is why many Christians and missionaries--for example, the martyrs of Cordoba to whom I dedicated my book The Heart's Witness Against Muhammad--suffered death at the hands of Islam.

Importantly, this is an objective conclusion of Muhammad and Islam, based upon the external forum.  In writing this series, I do not mean to judge the subjective guilt or innocence of any Muslim in the internal forum of his conscience.  Nor do I claim to know what role God, in his Providence, intends for Islam: "But the plan of salvation also includes those who acknowledge the Creator," and this includes "in the first place among whom are the Muslims." Lumen Gentium, 16.
 
It seems quite certain, however, that God's "plan of salvation"--at least so long as we stay in the objective moral and religious order--requires that the Muslims disclaim the prophethood of Muhammad, reject those teachings of his that are doctrinally and morally unsound, and embrace Jesus Christ, the Incarnate Word, who died for them as much as for other men.

Let us therefore pray for our Muslim brothers, and ask that Mary intercede on their behalf.  Let us ask those saints in heaven that have died at the hands of Islam to intercede on behalf of the sons of their former slayers.  And let us do our share.  Let us be honest with the truth, but let us also do it in love.  Let us announce the Gospel to our Muslim brothers: "It is for freedom that Christ has set us free.  Stand firm, therefore, and do not let yourselves be burdened again by the yoke of slavery" of the shari'a, of the false law of Muhammad.  (Gal. 5:1)

(This article is adapted from the book written by the author entitled, The Heart's Witness Against Muhammad: Why the Natural Law Proves Muhammad False.)

-----

Andrew M. Greenwell is an attorney licensed to practice law in Texas, practicing in Corpus Christi, Texas.  He is married with three children.  He maintains a blog entirely devoted to the natural law called Lex Christianorum.  You can contact Andrew at agreenwell@harris-greenwell.com.

---


Pope Francis: end world hunger through 'Prayer and Action'


2014 - Distributed by THE NEWS CONSORTIUM

Pope Francis Prayer Intentions for October 2014
Peace:
That the Lord may grant peace to those parts of the world most battered by war and violence.
World Mission Day: That World Mission Day may rekindle in every believer zeal for carrying the Gospel into all the world.



Comments


More Middle East

30 tribesmen in western Iraq executed by Islamic State (WARNING GRAPHIC PHOTOS)

Image of More than 1,000 heavily-armed tribesmen and some troops left the town in around 500 vehicles to take refuge in the nearby town of Barwana.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

More than 30 tribesmen were executed by Islamic State in western Iraq this week. In the meantime, government forces are continuing their offensive against the extremist militants across the country. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - The Islamic State captured ... continue reading


Muslims criticize the Islamic State for perverting Islam Watch

Image of Fighters from the Islamic State watch over captured Syrian soldiers.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

A new voice in the international community is speaking out against the Islamic State; over 100 Muslim leaders have signed a 17-page letter that criticizes and condemns the terrorist state, their actions in Iraq and Syria, and their interpretation of the Quran and ... continue reading


U.S. journalist endured continuous torture before being executed by ISIS Watch

Image of In spite of all of his torture, James Foley would share his limited rations with other captives, and gave up his blanket to somebody else in the depths of winter, other prisoners said.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Forty-year-old U.S. journalist James Foley suffered torture at the hands of his ISIS captors before they killed him. Captured in 2012 and executed in 2014, his torments included waterboarding, virtual starvation and being hung upside-down by his ankles. LOS ... continue reading


Into the wrong hands: ISIS fighters seize weapons from U.S. airdrop Watch

Image of The incident was more of an embarrassment than a strategic loss. ISIL fighters already possess millions of dollars' worth of U.S. weaponry that they captured from fleeing Iraqi soldiers when the group seized swaths of Iraq in June.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Islamic State fighters are believed to have seized at least one cache of weapons airdropped by the U.S. The payload reportedly missed besieged Kurdish militias defending the Syrian border town of Kobane. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - "Yesterday we announced ... continue reading


HORRIFIC video shows Islamic State stoning Yazidi woman - by group of men, including HER father Watch

Image of In a related incident, a man was executed in Idlib province in an area controlled by Islamist groups including the Nusra Front, al Qaeda's official affiliate in Syria.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

A sickening video of a young woman being stoned to death by a group of men, which includes her own father, has been released by Islamic State. The video is believed to have been filmed in the city of Hama. The clip shows a bearded cleric ranting at the woman in ... continue reading


Yazidi woman 'I've been raped 30 times and it's not even lunchtime!' Watch

Image of A Yazidi woman over the telephone that she had been raped so frequently that she could no longer use the toilet. She says that her despair is so great she will commit suicide - even if she is freed.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

A young Yazidi woman held captive by the Islamic State for repeated sexual abuse says that she was raped 30 times in just a few hours. Kept prisoner, she now begs the West to bomb the brothel where she is being held. It's believed that she's being kept prisoner ... continue reading


Islamic State has infiltrated INSIDE of Turkey with attempt to kidnap Syrian leader Watch

Image of Militants have recently shot and wounded a senior Syrian rebel commander within the nation. The incident has raised questions of Ankara's commitment to defeating the terror group.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

While Islamic State fighters batter the Syrian city of Kobani near the border with Turkey, ISIS agents are apparently now currently operating within the nation of Turkey. Militants have recently shot and wounded a senior Syrian rebel commander within the ... continue reading


Jack 'the acid' Ripper: Suspects arrested in connection with acid attacks against women in Iran Watch

Image of Though the attacks have instilled fear in some women in the city, many continue to live their lives without apologies.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Iranian authorities have arrested a number of people suspected of throwing acid at women. Its' believed that the women were wearing their traditional Islamic head covering improperly. The public had grown increasingly angry over the series of attacks in the ... continue reading


Sectarian violence spreads in Yemen, where Shi'ite militia square off against al-Qaeda Watch

Image of A member of the Shi'ite military Houthi organization.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

A Yemeni city was taken by al Qaeda fighters, and 33 people were killed by a suicide bombing and gun fighting during the group's challenge to the Yemeni government. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - This is just the latest bout of violence that has erupted in ... continue reading


Al Qaeda launches 'magazine war' with Islamic State in effort to attract new recruits Watch

Image of Resurgence, the new magazine for Al Qaeda.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Al Qaeda is attempting to make a comeback in the public eye following the stunning rise of the competing Islamic State. In an online publication, aimed at a global audience, the terror group is encouraging attacks at economic infrastructure. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic ... continue reading


All Middle East News

Newsletters

Newsletter Sign Up icon

Stay up to date with the latest news, information, and special offers

Daily Readings

Reading 1, Philippians 1:1-11
1 Paul and Timothy, servants of Christ Jesus, to all ... Read More

Psalm, Psalms 111:1-2, 3-4, 5-6
1 Alleluia! I give thanks to Yahweh with all my ... Read More

Gospel, Luke 14:1-6
1 Now it happened that on a Sabbath day he had gone ... Read More

Saint of the Day

Saint of the Day for October 31st, 2014 Image

St. Wolfgang
October 31: Wolfgang (d. 994) + Bishop and reformer. Born in Swabia, ... Read More

Inform, Inspire & Ignite Logo

Find Catholic Online on Facebook and get updates right in your live feed.

Become a fan of Catholic Online on Facebook


Follow Catholic Online on Twitter and get News and Product updates.

Follow us on Twitter