Skip to content
Catholic Online Logo

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

4/3/2013 (1 year ago)

Catholic Online (www.catholic.org)

Noxious fumes stream out of ancient portal in Turkey

Archaeologists say they have discovered the "Gates of Hell," the mythical portal to the underworld of Greek and Roman legend. Uncovered in the ancient Phrygian city of Hierapolis, now known as Pamukkale in southwestern Turkey, appears to match historical descriptions of what was known as "Ploutonion" in Greek, and "Plutonium" in Latin.

The area in which the discovery was made, Pamukkale, is well known for the stunning white travertine terraces which are the result of the hot springs.

The area in which the discovery was made, Pamukkale, is well known for the stunning white travertine terraces which are the result of the hot springs.

Highlights

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Catholic Online (www.catholic.org)

4/3/2013 (1 year ago)

Published in Europe

Keywords: Hell, turkey, Pluto, archaeology, Phrygian city of Hierapolis, Archaeologist Francesco D'Andria


LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) - "This space is full of a vapor so misty and dense that one can scarcely see the ground," Greek geographer Strabo in about 24 A.D. said. "Any animal that passes inside meets instant death. I threw in sparrows and they immediately breathed their last and fell."

The small temple with traditional Greco-Roman pillars in its heyday was said to have stood next to a wall with steps leading down to a cave doorway filled with foul and noxious gasses.

Modern-day archaeologists now say they have discovered what they believe to be the ruins of the site.

A team led by Italian Archaeologist Francesco D'Andria, professor of classic archaeology at the University of Salento, announced the discovery at a conference on Italian archaeology in Istanbul.

D'Andria said he and his team had managed to pinpoint the location by reconstructing the route of thermal springs. Among the ruins the archaeologists found a cave with Ionic semi columns upon which were inscriptions with dedications to the gods of the underworld -- Pluto and Kore.

"We could see the cave's lethal properties during the excavation," D'Andria said. "Several birds died as they tried to get close to the warm opening, instantly killed by the carbon dioxide fumes."

D'Andria famously claimed to have found the tomb of Saint Philip, one of the 12 apostles of Jesus Christ, in Hierapolis, in 2011.

The area in which the discovery was made, Pamukkale, is well known for the stunning white travertine terraces which are the result of the hot springs.

D'Andria also uncovered the remains of a pool and the steps placed above the cave which matches the descriptions of the site in ancient sources.

Speaking to Discovery TV. D'Andria gave a description of what life might have been like around the cave in ancient times. "People could watch the sacred rites from these steps, but they could not get to the area near the opening. Only the priests could stand in front of the portal.

Pilgrims arriving at the site were given small birds to test the deadly effects of the cave, while priests sacrificed bulls to Pluto hallucinating madly from the toxic fumes.

The site remained fully functional until the 4th century A.D. and became an important pilgrimage destination for the last pagan intellectuals.

---


Pope Francis: end world hunger through 'Prayer and Action'


© 2014 - Distributed by THE NEWS CONSORTIUM

Pope Francis Prayer Intentions for July 2014
Sports:
That sports may always be occasions of human fraternity and growth.
Lay Missionaries: That the Holy Spirit may support the work of the laity who proclaim the Gospel in the poorest countries.



Comments


More Europe

Spiritual Ecumenism: Pope Francis Visits Evangelical/Pentecostal Church in Caserta Italy Watch

Image of Pope Francis took a trip to Caserta, Italy on Monday, June 28, 2014. He visited with a friend named Giovanni Traettino who pastors an evangelical, charismatic/Pentecostal protestant Church.

By Deacon Keith A Fournier

Pope Francis took a trip to Caserta, Italy on Monday, June 28, 2014. He visited with a friend named Giovanni Traettino who pastors an evangelical, charismatic/Pentecostal protestant Church. This friend of Francis oversees the growing evangelical Church of the ... continue reading


France grants asylum to Iraqi Christians as U.S. rebuked for 'silence' Watch

Image of Representative Frank Wolf (R-Va.) said on the House floor,

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

As the genocide of Iraqi Christians continues, the French government now says it is willing to grant asylum to Iraqi Christians. "We are assisting displaced persons who are fleeing the Islamic State's threats and seeking refuge in Kurdistan," Foreign Minister ... continue reading


He Went to Find Brothers: Message of Pope Francis to Evangelical/Pentecostal Brother John and the Church at Caserta Watch

Image of The welcome given to the Pope by the members of this evangelical/pentecostal protestant community of Christians was beautiful, respectful and loving. The way in which the entire encounter proceeded is a sign of where we are being challenged to live our own Christian lives. The message of Pope Francis at Caserta is clear and convincing. He went to find brothers, and sisters. So should we!  Authentic ecumenical efforts are a part of being a Catholic Christian.

By Deacon Keith A Fournier

The Pope addressed several hundred members of the Church of the Reconciliation who had gathered for this historic visit. He and his friend, a protestant pentecostal/evangelical pastor named John, stood together under an overhang which bore the words "Jesus is ... continue reading


Spanish priest packs them into church - by dancing the flamenco Watch

Image of Father Pepe danced in front of the late Pope John Paul II at the Vatican in 1997. He says w he will retire this coming September.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

Jose Planas Moreno, known as "Father Pepe," has revived interest in his church in Malaga, Spain. The priest has brought parishioners flocking back to the Nuestra SeƱora Del Carmen church in Campanilla, a district of Malaga, with his unusual style of worship. ... continue reading


LUNCH SURPRISE: Pope Francis eats with Vatican employees in surprise visit Watch

Image of The Pope spent about an hour dining at a table with around 10 other people.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

A "lunch surprise" usually means an item that's not on the menu offered at a lower price. At the Vatican, employees got quite a "lunch surprise" on Friday when their "boss" and bishop, Pope Francis, turned up at their cafeteria. LOS ANGELES, CA (Catholic Online) ... continue reading


Stop! I am asking you with all my heart. Stop! - Pope Urges End to Wars in Ukraine, Iraq and Gaza

Image of Brothers and sisters: never war.My thoughts go especially to the children, from whom we take away the hope for a decent life: dead children, injured children, maimed children, orphaned children, children who have war relics for toys, children who do not know how to smile.- Pope Francis

By Asia News

He mentions children, victims of war, "from whom we take away the hope for a decent life," urging the parties to address "every diatribe with the tenacity of dialogue and negotiation and the power of reconciliation". As tomorrow marks 100 years since the outbreak ... continue reading


Meriam Ibraham is Free! The Living God Has Heard the Cry of His People! Jesus Christ is Lord! Watch

Image of Meriam receives the blessing and the gratitude of the successor of Peter, Francis.- What should be front and center in every Christian news report on this remarkable story is that God intervened on behalf of Meriam and her family. The God whom we profess is real and His power is greater than any regime or any form of opposition. Yes, He used men and women, and even government leaders, to accomplish His deliverance. He often does. But it was His Love and Mercy which broke the shackles of evil. He deserves all the praise.

By Deacon Keith A Fournier

The photo of Pope Francis blessing Meriam Ibrahim and her little daughter Maya in the Casa Santa Marta on Thursday, July 24, 2014, reciving a blessing from a smiling Pope Francis, made millions of hearts leap for joy. The God of love answers the prayers of His ... continue reading


'A negative act necessarily must be condemned:' Vatican revising law on abuse penalties Watch

Image of

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

In regards to canonical law regarding acts of sexual misconduct, according to law ended up being too vague, Bishop Juan Ignacio Arrieta says, church sanctions were being applied so haphazardly that the church appeared to be divided. In response, the Vatican is ... continue reading


VILE: Somali girl smuggled into United Kingdom for organ harvesting Watch

Image of In perhaps the most horrific recent case, law enforcement learned that a Somali girl had been brought to England for the express purpose of harvesting her organs for transplant.

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

There has been a noticeable uptick of cases of human trafficking in the United Kingdom. In perhaps the most horrific recent case, law enforcement learned that a Somali girl had been brought to England for the express purpose of harvesting her organs for ... continue reading


HORRIFIC ABUSE: 18-year-old girl coerced into group sex while being recorded on cell phone Watch

Image of The incident is being called an example of

By Catholic Online (NEWS CONSORTIUM)

An 18-year-old girl performed explicit sex acts on 24 men on a dance floor with the promise of a holiday - which never arrived. Presented with a mixed drink for her acts of indecency, the sordid episode was recorded on a cell phone camera - for the world to ... continue reading


All Europe News

Newsletters

Newsletter Sign Up icon

Stay up to date with the latest news, information, and special offers

Daily Readings

Reading 1, Jeremiah 26:1-9
1 At the beginning of the reign of Jehoiakim son of ... Read More

Psalm, Psalms 69:6, 8-10, 14
6 Those who hope in you must not be made fools of, ... Read More

Gospel, Matthew 13:54-58
54 and, coming to his home town, he taught the people ... Read More

Saint of the Day

Saint of the Day for August 1st, 2014 Image

St. Alphonsus Marie Liguori
August 1: Bishop, Doctor of the Church, and the founder of the ... Read More

Inform, Inspire & Ignite Logo

Find Catholic Online on Facebook and get updates right in your live feed.

Become a fan of Catholic Online on Facebook


Follow Catholic Online on Twitter and get News and Product updates.

Follow us on Twitter