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(S. CAROLI PINHALENSIS).

Diocese ; suffragan of the Archdiocese of São Paulo, Brazil, South America, created on 7 June, l908. The Rt. Rev. José Marcondes Homem de Mello, the present bishop, was born on 13 Feb., 1860, and elevated in May, 1906; he had been Archbishop of Pará, from which he resigned. The residence of the bishop is at São Carlos do Pinhal, State of São Paulo, founded in 1857 and raised to the rank of city on 21 April, 1880. It is connected with the city of São Paulo, capital of the state, by a railroad, the trip occupying about six hours. Its population is estimated at 67,000, mostly Catholics. Besides the public schools and those maintained by the diocese, there is an excellent institution for the education of girls, known as "Collegio de São Carlos" and directed by the Sisters of the Most Holy Sacrament.


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